The Water Quality and Trophic Status of Koto Panjang Reservoir, Indonesia

Authors

  • Dina Muthmainnah Research Institute for Inland Fisheries and Extension
  • Hukmanan Research Institute for Inland Fisheries and Extension

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51264/inajl.v2i2.19

Keywords:

trophic status, TSI, Koto Panjang Reservoir, water quality

Abstract

Koto Panjang Reservoir is one of the hydroelectric power plants in Indonesia, located in Kampar Regency, Riau Province. This paper aims to determine the water quality and tropic status of the Koto Panjang Reservoir. The research was carried out along the Koto Panjang Reservoir, covering the floating net cages area, inlet, outlet, and the center of the reservoir. Water samples were collected twice a year, February and September 2017. The results showed that the water quality of Koto Panjang reservoir is still within the tolerance range for the aquatic organisms' life, including fish. Based on the TSI analysis, the Koto Panjang Reservoir throphic status was categorized as eutrophic to heavy eutrophic. This study recommends that relocating floating net cages is necessary so that the nutrient load will not only be concentrated in one location. The efficiency of using the feed for floating net cages could minimize the waste.

References

APHA. 2017. Standard Methods For the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 23rd edition.

Bhatnagar, A., and Devi, P. 2013. Water quality guidelines for the management of pond fish culture. International journal of environmental sciences, 3(6), 1980-2009.

Beaver. J.R., David. E.J., D.A. Casamatta., C.E. Tausz., Kyle. C. S., K.M. Buccier., C.E. Teacher. T.C. Rosati., A. D. Minerovic., and T. R. Renicker. 2013. Response of Phytoplankton and Zooplankton Communities in Six Reservoirs of The Midle Missouri River (USA) to Drought Condition and a Major Flood Event. Hydrobiologia. (705): 173 – 189 p.

Berdalet E., Fleming L.E., Gowen R., Davidson K., Hess P., Backer L.C., Moore S.K., Hoagland O., and Enevoldsen H. 2015. Marine harmful algal blooms, human health and wellbeing: challenges and opportunities in the 21st century. J Mar Biol Assoc U.K.

Boyd, C. E., Tucker, C. S., and Somridhivej, B. 2016. Alkalinity and hardness: critical but elusive concepts in aquaculture. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 47(1), 6-41.

Brasil, J., Attayde, J. L., Vasconcelos, F. R., Dantas, D. D., and Huszar, V. L. 2016. Drought-induced water-level reduction favors cyanobacteria blooms in tropical shallow lakes. Hydrobiologia, 770(1), 145-164.

Domingues, R. B., Anselmo, T. P., Barbosa, A. B., Sommer, U., and Galvão, H. M. 2011. Nutrient limitation of phytoplankton growth in the freshwater tidal zone of a turbid, Mediterranean estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 91(2), 282–297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2010.10.033

Effendie, M. I. 2003. Telaah Kualitas Air Bagi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Dan Lingkungan Perairan. Jurusan Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan. IPB. Bogor. 259p. in Indonesian.

Filstrup, C. T., and Downing, J. A. 2017. Relationship of chlorophyll to phosphorus and nitrogen in nutrient-rich lakes. Inland Waters, 7(4), 385–400. https://doi.org/10.1080/20442041.2017.1375176

Hartoto, D.I. and I.Riduansyah. 2002. Perhitungan Daya Dukung Danau atau Waduk untuk Pengembangan Budidaya Ikan Dalam Keramba. Laporan Teknik Puslit. Limnologi-LIPI. Cibinong Bogor. p291-303. in Indonesian.

Indriani, W., Hutabarat, S., and A’in, C. 2016. Status trofik perairan berdasarkan nitrat, fosfat, dan klorofil-a di Waduk Jatibarang, Kota Semarang. Diponogoro Journal of Maquares, 5(4): 258-264. in Indonesian.

Kamiri, S., and Taifur.W.D. 2013. Resettlement and Development: a Survey of two Indonesia's Koto Panjang resettlement village. International Journal of Water Resources Development. Vol. 29, No.1, 35 - 49 p. DOI: 10.1080/07900627.2012.739539.

Koswara, B. 1999. Degradasi Siklikal Lingkungan Perairan dan Hubungannya dengan Indikator Penyebab Kematian Ikan pada Keramba Jaring Terapung di Waduk Saguling. Disertasi Program Pascasarjana Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung. in Indonesian.

Kartamihardja, E.S. 1995. Daya Dukung Perairan dan Pengembangan Budidaya Ikan dalam Keramba Jaring Apung yang Ramah Lingkungan. Prosiding Ekspose Budidaya Ikan dalam Keramba Jaring Apung yang Ramah Lingkungan. Pusat Pen. dan Pengembangan Perikanan. Hal 13-22. in Indonesian.

Kassambara, A., and Mundt, F. 2016. R package version, 2016. https://cran.microsoft.com/ snapshot/2016-11-30/web/packages/ factoextra/ factoextra.pdf).

Klippel, G., Macêdo, R. L., and Branco, C. W. 2020. Comparison of different trophic state indices applied to tropical reservoirs. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management, 25(2), 214-229.

Madden.N., A. Lewis., and M. Davis. 2013. Thermal Effluent from The Power Sector: an Analysis of Once-Through Cooling System Impacts on Surface Water Temperature. Environment Research Letter. 8 (2013): 035006

Mahdavi, H., Prasad, V., Liu, Y., and Ulrich, A. C. 2015. In situ biodegradation of naphthenic acids in oil sands tailings pond water using indigenous algae–bacteria consortium. Bioresource Technology, 187, 97-105.

Markad, A.T., Landge, A.T., Nayak, B.B., Inamdar, A.B., and Mishra, A.K. 2019. Trophic state modeling for shallow freshwater reservoir: a new approach. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 191(9).

Makmur, S., Muthmainnah, D., and Subagdja. 2020. Fishery activities and environmental condition of Maninjau Lake, West Sumatra. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 564 012025.

Nastiti, A.S., Nuronial, S., Purmamaningtyas, S.E., and Kartamihardja, E.S. 2001. Daya Dukung Perairan Waduk Jatiluhur untuk Budidaya Ikan dalam Keramba Jaring Apung. Jurnal Pen. Per. Indonesia. Vol. 7 No. 2: 14-29. in Indonesian.

Nur, M. 2006. Evaluasi Pengelolaan Waduk PLTA Koto Panjang Sebagai Upaya Pelestarian Fungsi Waduk yang Berkelanjutan. IPB. Bogor. in Indonesian.

Olasehinde. K.F., and A.A. Abeke. 2021. Limnological feature of Ikere Gorge Reservoir, Iseyin South-Western Nigeria: Physical-Chemical Parameters. Journal of Biodiversity and Environment Sciences (JBES). Vol 2 (6): 12 – 19 p.

Samuel, and Adiansyah, V. 2016. Kualitas air, status trofik dan potensi produksi ikan Danau Diatas, Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia, 22(2): 83-94. in Indonesian.

Siagian, M. 2010. Strategi Pengembangan Keramba Jaring Apung Berkelanjutan di Waduk PLTA Koto Panjang. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan. Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Univ. Riau. 15 (2): 145-160. in Indonesian.

Simarmata, A.H., Siagian. M., and Sihotang. C. 2013. Vertical Profile of Oxygen in The Lacustrine and Transision Zone of Koto Panjang Reservoir, Riau Province. International Seminar of Fisheries and Marine 2nd. Proceeding of ISFM 2nd: 65 – 68 p.

Simarmata, A.H., Siagian, M., and Sihotang, C. 2013. Pengelolaan Waduk Koto Panjang yang Berkelanjutan Berdasarkan Status Trofik dan Beban Perairan. Laporan Penelitian Unggulan Perguruan Tingggi. Lemlit. Univ. Riau Pekanbaru. in Indonesian.

Suprayogi, I., and Buchori. 2014. Kajian Sedimentasi Waduk PLTA Koto Panjang Dalam Upaya Melestarikan Kesinambungan Energi Listri Provinsi Riau. Jurnal Aplikasi Teknologi in Indonesian. Vol.2. No. 1. Hal: 111 – 116.

Downloads

Published

2021-12-30